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Reference Tables

The following tables provide you with reference values, e.g. physical constants or material overviews.

International comparison chart of construction steel
Germany
Temp

Usa

AISI

France

AFNOR

England

BS

Italy

UNI

Sweden

SIS

Japan

JIS

WkNr DIN alt Typ
1.0035 Fe 310-0
St 33
steels
  A 283 Gr A
a 34-2 Ne Fe 310-0
Fe
1300 -
1.0037 Fe 360 B
St 37-2
steels   1015 E 24-2 Fe 360 B
Fe 360 B 1311 STKM 12 A
1.0044 Fe 430 B
St 44-2
steels   1020 E 28-2
Fe 430 B
Fe 430 B 1412 SM 400 A
1.0050 Fe 490-2
St 50-2
steels   A 570 Gr 50
A 50-2 Fe 490-2
Fe 490 1550 SS490

1.0060

Fe 590-2
St 60-2
steels   A 570 Gr 65 A 60-2 Fe 590-2FN
Fe 590 1650 SM 570
1.0070 Fe 690-2
St 70-2
steels   - A 70-2 Fe 690-2FN
Fe 690 1655 -
1.5622 14 Ni 6 - tough at sub-zero steel
-100°C A 35-LF 5
16 N 6
- 14 Ni KG - -
15662 X 8 Ni 9 - tough at sub-zero steel -200°C A 350-LF 3
9 Ni 490
3603-509LT X10 Ni 9
- SL 9 N53
1.5680
X 12 Ni 5
- tough at sub-zero steel -150°C
2515
Z18 N 5
- - - -
1.5423
16 Mo 5
- tough at sub-zero steel +530°C
4520
-
- 16Mo5KG - SB 450 M
International comparison chart of non corrosive steels
Germany
steelfabric tensile  strength N/mm2 breaking elongation % (min) N/mm2

USA

AISI

France

AFNOR

England

BS

Italy

UNI

Sweden

SIS

Japan

JIS

WkNr DIN Typ
1.4113 X 6 CrMo 17-1
F1 ferritic 450/630 18 434 - 434 S 17
X 8 CrMo 17 - SUS 434
1.4016 X 8 Cr 17 F1 ferritic 450/630 20 430 Z 8 C 17
430 S 17 X 8 Cr 17
2320 SUS 430
1.4006 X 10 Cr 13 C1 martensitic 730 20 410 Z 10 C 13
410 C 21 X 10 Cr 13
2302 SUS 410
1.4021 X 20 Cr 13 C1 martensitic 800/950 12 420 Z 20 C 13
420 S 37
X 20 Cr 13 2303 SUS 420 J1
1.4028 X 30 Cr 13 C1 martensitic 850/1000 10 420 F
Z 30 C 13
420 S 45
X 30 Cr 13 2304 SUS 420 J2
1.4057 X 17 CrNi 16-2 C3 martensitic 800/950 12 431 Z 15 CN 10-02
431 S 31
X 16 CrNi 16
- SUS 431
1.4125 X 105 CrMo 17 C3 austentitic - 35 440 C Z 100 CD 17
- - - SUS 440 C
1.4305 X 8 CrNi 18-9 A1 austentitic 500/700 45 303 Z 8 CNF 18-09
303 S 22
X 10 CrNis18 09
2346 SUS 303
1.4301 X 5 CrNi 18 10 A2 austentitic 540/750 45 304 Z 6 CN 18-09 304 S 17
X 5 CrNi 18 10
2332 SUS 304
1.4303 X 4 CNi 18-12 A2 austentitic 500/650 45 305 Z 5 CN 18-11
305 S 19
X 7 CNi 18 10 - SUS 305
1.4306 X 2 CrNi 19-11 A2 austentitic 520/670 40 304 L
Z 2 CN 18-10
304 S 11
X 2 CrNi 18 11 2352 SUS 304 L
1.4541 X 6 CrNiTi 18-10 A2 austentitic 520/720 40 321 Z 6 CNT 18-10 321 S 31
X 6 CrNiTi 18 11
2337 SUS 321
1.4550 X 6 CrNiNb 18-10
A2 austentitic 520/720 40 347 Z 6 CNNb 18-10
347 S 20 X 6 CrNiNb 18 11 2338
SUS 347
1.4401 X 5 CrNiMo 17-12-2
A4 austentitic 530/680 40 316 Z 7 CND 17-11-02 316 S 17
X 5 CrNiMo 17 12 2347 SUS 316
1.4404 X 2 CrNiMo 17-12-2 A4 austentitic 530/680 40 316 L
Z 3 CND 17-11-03
316 S 11
X 2 CrNiMo 17 12 2348 SUS 316 L
1.4435 X 2 CrNiMo 18-14-3 A4 austentitic 500/700 40 316 L Z 6 CND 18-12-03 316 S 14
X 2 CrNiMo 17 13 2353 SUS 316 L
1.4436 X 3 CrNiMo 17-13-3 A4 austentitic 550/700 40 316 Z 2 CND 19-15-04
316 S 19
X 5 CrNiMo 17 13 2343 SUS 316
1.4438 X 2 CrNiMo 18-16-4 A4 austentitic 550/700 35 317 L
Z 2 NCDU 25-20
317 S 12
X 5 CrNiMo 17 13
2343 SUS 316
1.4539 X 1 NiCrMoCuN 25-20-5 A4 austentitic 530/730 40 904 L
Z 6 CNDT 17-12
- -
2562 -
1.4571 X 6 CrNiMoTi 17-12-2 A4 austentitic 450/690 40 316 Ti
Z 6 CNDNb 17-12
320 S 18
X 6 CrNiMoTi 17 12
2350 SUS 316 Ti
1.4580 X 6 CrNiMoNb 17-12-2 A4 austentitic 450/690 40 316   318 S 17 X 6 CrNiMoNb 17 12
- -
Hardness comparison table (DIN 50150)
Tensile strength N/mm2
Vickers hardness [F≥98 N] Brinell hardness1) Rockwell hardness
HRB HRC HRA

255

270

285

305

320

80

85

90

95

100

76

80,7

85,5

90,2

95

 

41

48

52

56,2

   

335

350

370

385

400

105

110

115

120

125

99,8

105

109

114

119

 

62,3

 

66,7

 

   

415

430

450

465

480

130

135

140

145

150

124

128

133

138

143

71,2

 

75

 

78,7

   

495

510

530

545

560

155

160

165

170

175

147

152

156

162

166

 

81,7

 

85

 

   

575

595

610

625

640

180

185

190

195

200

171

176

181

185

190

87,1

 

89,5

 

91,5

   

660

675

690

705

720

205

210

215

220

225

195

199

204

209

214

92,5

93,5

94

95

96

   

740

755

770

785

800

230

235

240

245

250

219

223

228

233

238

96,7

 

98,1

 

99,5

 

 

20,3

21,3

22,2

 

 

60,7

61,2

61,6

820

835

850

865

880

255

260

265

270

275

242

247

252

257

261

(101)

 

(102)

 

(104)

23,1

24

24,8

35,6

26,4

62

62,4

62,7

63,1

63,5

900

915

930

950

965

280

285

290

295

300

268

271

276

280

285

 

(105)

27,1

27,8

28,5

29,2

29,8

63,8

64,2

64,5

64,8

65,2

995

1030

1060

1095

1125

310

320

330

340

350

295

304

314

323

333

 

31

32,3

33,3

34,3

35,5

65,8

66,4

67

67,6

68,1

1155

1190

1220

1255

1290

360

370

380

390

400

342

352

361

371

380

 

36,6

37,7

38,8

39,8

40,8

68,7

69,2

69,8

70,3

70,8

1320

1350

1385

1420

1455

410

420

430

440

450

390

399

409

418

428

 

41,8

42,7

43,6

44,5

45,4

71,4

71,8

72,3

72,8

73,3

1485

1520

1555

1595

1630

460

470

480

480

500

437

447

(465)

(466)

(475)

 

46,1

46,9

47,7

48,4

49,1

73,6

74,1

74,5

74,9

75,3

1665

1700

1740

1775

1810

510

520

530

540

550

(485)

(494)

(504)

(513)

(523)

 

49,8

50,5

51,1

51,7

52,3

75,7

76,1

76,4

76,7

77

1845

1880

1920

1955

1995

560

570

580

590

600

(532)

(542)

(551)

(561)

(570)

 

53

53,6

54,1

54,7

55,2

77,4

77,8

78

78,4

78,6

2030

2070

2105

2145

2180

610

620

630

640

650

(580)

(589)

(599)

(608)

(618)

 

55,7

56,3

56,8

57,3

57,8

78,9

79,2

79,5

79,8

80

 

660

670

680

690

700

   

58,3

58,8

59,2

58,7

60,1

80,3

80,6

80,8

81,1

81,3

 

720

740

760

780

800

   

61

61,8

62,5

63,3

64

81,8

82,2

82,6

83

83,4

 

820

840

860

880

900

   

64,7

65,3

65,9

66,4

67

83,8

84,1

84,4

84,7

85

 

920

940

   

67,5

68

85,3

85,6

 

1) calculated from: BH ~ 0,95 HV

Natural constants
ɑ-particle rest mass mɑ = 6.644*10-27 kg
4.0015064 u
rest energy mɑc2 =
37271.1 MeV
charge- mass ratio
2e/mɑ =
48227*107 C kg-1

AVOGADRO's (LOSCHMIDT's) constant

L =
6.0225*1026 kmol-1
BOLTZMANN's constant k =
1.3805*10-23 J K-1
electric field constant (influenz constant)
ɛ0 =
8.8542*10-12

C V-1m-1

electron
rest mass me =
9.109*10-31 kg
5.4897*10-4 u
rest energy mec2 =
0.511 MeV
charge- mass ratio e/ me =
1.7588*1011 C kg-1
elementary charge
e =
1.6021*10-19 C
gravitational acceleration (norm-)
gn =
9.80665 m s-2
FARADAY's constant F =
9.6487*107 C kmol-1
gas constant (general) R =
8.3143*103

J K-1 kmol-1

gravitational constant G* =
6.670*10-11 m3 k-1 s-2
magnetic field constant µo =
4∏*10-7 Vs A-1 m-1
Neutron rest mass mn =
1.6748*10-27 kg
1.008665 u
rest energy mnc2 =
939.51 MeV
PLANCK's constant h =
6.6256*10-34 J s
Proton rest mass mɒ =
1.6725*10-27 kg
1.007277 u
rest energy mɒc2 =
938.21 MeV
charge- mass ratio e/mɒ =
9.5794*107 C kg-1
RYDBERG constant        
(of core mixture ➔ ∞)
R =
1.o973731*107< m-1
(of hydrogen atom)
RH =
1.0967758*107 m-1
vacuum speed of light
c =
2.99793*108 m s-1
hydrogen atom        
Radius of BOHR's base path
a0 =
5.2917*10-11 m
vacuum wave impedance
Γ0
=
3.7673*102 Ω
Compton- wave- length
λc =
2.426236*10-12
m